The CEER team gained a unique experience by installing the first Automatic Weather Station (AMS) in Kazakhstan. AMS is intended for meteorological measurements of the environment. AMS performs wind measurements, environmental measurements, solar radiation measurements, and is usually installed in remote regions. The AMC configuration includes the following list of sensors: Anemometer, weather vane, pressure, humidity, temperature sensors, rain gauge, pyranometer, ultraviolet radiation sensor, snow water equivalent sensor, snow cover depth sensor. The AMS consists of three main elements: a 3m high mast, a rain gauge stand, a sensor for measuring the water equivalent in snow. A lightning rod is also installed on the mast structure.
Compact models of an anemometer and a weather vane were used to measure the wind. To measure the environment, a sensor measuring pressure, humidity, temperature and a rain gauge. A pyranometer and an ultraviolet radiation sensor are used to measure solar radiation. The main feature of the AMS is the use of the SHM31 snow depth sensor and the SSG-2 snow water equivalent sensor. SSG-2 consists of seven aluminum panels measuring 80 x 120 cm each, which rest on the underlying frame. Scales with four load cells and a data acquisition device are located under the central panel. The remaining six panels are positioned around the center section to create a uniform surface without any protrusions around the sensor that could create stress within the snowpack and lead to erroneous readings. The equipment used was Thies Clima, Hukseflux, Sommer Messtechnik, Lufft. A Datalogger DLU data logger from Thies Clima was installed for AMC. The data logger is installed in a plastic housing that protects against environmental influences, namely snow, rain, hail, etc. which was attached to the mast.